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How & Why Ponding Water Damages Membrane Roofs

Slope Part 1 - How & Why Ponding Water Damages Membrane Roofs

How Damage Occurs:

  1. Each time it rains puddles form in low spots and dirt and debris collects.  
Early stages of ponding

Early Stage of dirt beginning to collect due to ponding

2. With every cycle of rain and evaporation an additional layer of dirt is left behind and the low spots get darker and darker over time.

Ponding around scupper

WNC Roofing is called out all too often to repair issues caused by previous roofers’ shortcuts as you’ll see in future photos.

Ponding around drain
  1. Drains are not properly sumped.
  2. Roof does not have a positive slope towards the drains.
ponding around scupper 2

Severe formation of dark areas due to ponding that has led to destroyed membrane and large leaks.

3. The summer sun can raise the temperature of the dark areas to 160 degrees.  Over time the heat destroys White (TPO or PVC) membranes causing premature membrane deterioration, leaks & failures.

    • White membranes typically reflect heat and help keep a building cooler in the summer.
    • These membranes are not engineered to hold up to the high temperatures created by dark areas for long durations.
corner of roof

Our service department received a call for a building with a relatively new roof that had multiple leaks.

This is a photo of a corner where debris collected that they cleaned, photographed and repaired.

Note that the membrane (above AND below the scrim) has been completely burned away!

membrane failure

Another photo of a corner where debris collected

Note the charred blackened roof membrane

membrane scrim showing

Area in front of a curb that is in total failure due to ponding water.

The visible white lines are the reinforcing fibers called the scrim.

TPO & PVC membranes have a scrim in the middle of the membrane to provide strength.

 

cross section of tpo showing reinforcement fibers

Cross sections of TPO / PVC membranes showing the reinforcement fibers.